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Solution 1: Check Divisibility by 3 and 4

Solution:

fn test_divisibility_by_3_4(a:i32)->i32{
    //check if number is divisible by 3 and 4 
    if a % 3 == 0 && a % 4 == 0{
        0
    }
    //check if number is divisible by 3 and not by 4 
    else if a % 3 == 0 && a % 4 != 0 {
        1
    }
    //check if number is divisible not by 3 but 4 
    else if a % 3 != 0 && a % 4 == 0 {
        2
    }
    //check if neither divisible by 3 nor 4
    else {
        -1
    }
}
fn main(){
    println!(" Number = 12 : {}", test_divisibility_by_3_4(12));
    println!(" Number = 9  : {}", test_divisibility_by_3_4(9));
    println!(" Number = 8  : {}", test_divisibility_by_3_4(8));
    println!(" Number = 23 : {}", test_divisibility_by_3_4(23));
}


output


Number = 12 : 0
 Number = 9  : 1
 Number = 8  : 2
 Number = 23 : -1


Explanation

The test_divisibility_by_3_4 takes an integer a as a parameter to the function and returns an integer of type i32.

- On line `3`, the if condition checks if the number a is divisible by `3` and `4`, it `returns 0` on `line 4`.
- On line `7`, the else if executes if the if condition fails.
    - The condition checks if the number a is divisible by 3 and not by 4, it `returns 1` on line `8`.
- On line `11`, the else if executes if the first else if condition fails.
    - The condition checks if the number a is not divisible by 3 but by 4, it `returns 2` on line `12`.
- On line `15`, the else, executes if all the above conditions fail and `returns -1` on line `16`.